The BBNR presents a rich cultural and historical heritage of various periods in history, from Late Stone Age to present, including:
Site of the Battle of Blaauwberg (1806), which marked the end of Dutch rule at the Cape
Battle of Blaauwberg
On 7 Jan 1806 the British landed 5500 soldiers and sailors in 54 ships at Llosperd’s Bay’, now called Melkbosstrand. Their aim was to invade and take ownership of the Cape, which was owned by the Batavian Republic at the time. While trying to land in the rough sea and South-Easter, one boat capsized and 36 soldiers drowned. Once the British managed to land they started marching towards the nearest farms that could provide them with horses and fresh water. On the night of the 7th Jan, the Highlanders ransacked Mostert’s Farm, currently known as ‘Blaauwberg Farm’. Early on the morning of 8 Jan they started marching south on the old West Coast Rd towards Cape Town. Lt Gen Janssens, who managed to muster 2000 troops from a variety of sources, defended the Dutch-ruled Cape. They were positioned across the old West Coast Rd in the Blaauwberg Valley.
The Battle lasted 2 hours, after which the local troops retreated to the Hottentots-Holland mountains. Lt Col von Prophalow, commandant of Cape Town, surrendered on 10 Jan 1806. A Treaty was signed and the Cape was under British rule again for the second time – a significant event in the history of South Africa.